How to Build a Good Resume

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Having a good resume is important to you finding the job you are looking for.  We will start out with the basics of building a resume, then add the touches that will make it your own and help you find the perfect job.

When you start your resume, you will have 7 main sections:  heading, objective, education, experience, skills, activities and interests, references. This will make your basic resume.  Let’s go over these sections and review what should be included in each section.

First is the heading.  This section will include your personal information.  Your name, table-3268746_1920address, phone number, email address. If you have a personal web page, you can also add the URL for that in this section.  This will give the employer all of the information they need to contact you.  This should be centered at the top of the page.

Next is the objective.  This explains your goal in why you think you are good for the job.  This is something that should be changed with every job you apply for.  It should explain your job goals and why the job you’re applying for meets these goals and what this will do to help the company.

open-book-1428428_1920Third is education.  In this section you want to include all the education you have completed since high school.  You don’t need to add high school.  It is assumed that if you have a post high school degree, you graduated from high school.  Also, high school degree will show your age.  This is illegal for employers to ask about and is not really pertinent for the job you are able to do.  You can also include any study abroad classes.  Include the degree, dates received and even the GPA, especially if it is over 3.0.  If you have completed masters or doctorate, include the name of your thesis.  Also start with the latest degree first.

Fourth you will list your experience. This is where you want to include your jobs.  Both part time and full time.  Make sure to include any internships, summer jobs, volunteer jobschemist-3014142_640 and anything else that shows you can do the job for which you are applying.  You will include dates and what you did on the job that shows your talents.  Make it as short and precise as possible, but make sure you have the important things included.  Start with the latest first and work your way back.

Fifth is the skills section.  These is kind of a repeat, but it gives you a way to pinpoint your skills for quick reading.  Include things like ability to complete spreadsheets, skills you obtained in classes you attended that might pertain to the job.

Sixth is activities and interests.  I think that this section is optional.  If you have happiness-3368263_1280activities and interests that pertain to the job, you may list them.  Maybe things that show your dependability, perseverance and your work in the community. Include school organizations you were a part of. You may include art and music and other things that may pertain to the job you are trying to get.  This is not to be used as just hobbies and relaxation interests.

Last is references.  You will want to use people as references that can provide proof of business-woman-2697954_640your skills and talents.  Managers from previous jobs, instructors that you may have worked with in school. People you have volunteered for.  Managers from internships.  Even school counselors that might be able to show what you have accomplished.  You may put your references on a separate sheet and just notate that it is available upon request. 

While filling out the resume, remember you are trying to sell yourself.  This is an advertisement about you so you want to keep it professional and highlight your best qualities and those that pertain to the job.

If you don’t want to type your resume in MS Word or in a PDF, you can find many resume builders online that will help you.

Now that we have gone over the basics, here are some things to make your resume your own and stand out.

  1.  If you are still in college, looking for an internship, or fresh out of college, you can add a section for relevant courses.  This will give employers some idea of what you can do, even though you don’t have a lot of experience.cup-1614530_1280
  2.  If you have received any awards or honors, you should also include these in.  This shows what you have accomplished and been awarded for.
  3. Keywords are important in your job description.  Today employers and recruiters use an application tracking system.  This locates specific key words in the job description so you want to be sure to add them in yours.  Don’t abbreviate or use just the first letter of things.  Spell them out.  So, you would want to spell out Certified Public Accountant or any other job names.
  4. Don’t get too fancy with the font.  Usually better to use something easy to read and not too large. (About 12 is the best font size.)
  5. Things you don’t want to include are writing samples, photos and the references unless the recruiter is asking for them.
  6. Last, you want to have a professional looking email address.  If you don’t have one, get one that looks more professional and use it just for employment and resumes.

 

If you follow these guidelines, you will be able to write an award winning resume and get the job.  

 

 

Here are some other links to help you:

Internship Resume Example:  https://www.internships.com/career-advice/search/resume-examples

https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/internship-resume-example

other information:

https://www.topresume.com/career-advice/make-a-great-resume-with-no-work-experience

https://www.businessinsider.com/12-ways-to-make-your-resume-stand-out-2014-4

https://biginterview.com/blog/2012/09/resume-design.html

https://www.myperfectresume.com/how-to-write-a-resume

https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume

https://zety.com/blog/how-to-make-a-resume

https://novoresume.com/career-blog/how-to-write-a-resume-guide

https://www.career.cornell.edu/story/resumes/parts.cfm

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Setting up your profile on LinkedIn

 

 

In the last blog, we talked about networking and how important that is for your career.  One of the best places for networking is to set up an account on http://www.LinkedIn.com.

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This is the perfect place to meet people in your chosen profession. It’s also a great place for students.  It will give you a great start in your career.  This is a place where you can resume-1000post your resume, and give other information about yourself.   It gives you the ability to link to others and build an online network.   You will find job recruiters who are looking to fill positions, people who are working in your profession and can help you answer questions and make other contacts.   You can also connect to new people who need to make connections and become a mentor to them as well.  It is also a great place to learn.  The members on LinkedIn can write articles that will give you information.  You can learn new things about your profession, get advice on insurance, setting up for retirement, writing a resume and how to network.  LinkedIn, is a great help to working individuals.

So, in order to get access to all this information, you must join linked in.  I have gathered information that will help you to set up an account, post your resume and find people to add to your network.  This is just the beginning.  Let’s get started.

Go to    icons8-linkedin-48 www.linkedin.com 

A big box will pop up.  Put in your first and last name, email address and set up a password.

Click on join now.

The website should then walk you through setting up the profile and adding your information.  You will also see the steps below taken from the LinkedIn website that will help you fill out the information.

Step 1: Upload a professional photo

Step 2: Add your Industry and Location

Step 3: Customize your LinkedIn URL- remove the numbers at the end of the URL

Step 4: Write a summary

Step 5: Describe your experience

Step 6: Add 5 Skills or more

Step 7: List your education

Step 8: Connect with 50+ contacts

Step 9: Turn ON “Let recruiters know you’re open”

Linked in also has a lot of articles that will help you in building your profile.  Be sure to use them.

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/linkedin-beginner-all-star-8-easy-steps-clifford-wessel

When building a profile, you want to make it look as professional as possible.  You will want a professional headshot so that they see your best side.  You will need a snappy headline that shows a bit of your personality and then be sure to include work information, certificates that show your achievements and accomplishments.

To increase visibility, you will want to have people recommend your work.  Get people who you have worked for before so that they know what you can do.  It also helps to write articles about things you know. writing-1209121_1920 Writing about your knowledge will show others what you can do as well as get your information out there.  Make sure that as you change jobs, achieve new things, you include them in your profile.  This helps you make connections with mentors and recruiters who may help you get new jobs and increase your knowledge as well as achieving career goals.

https://www.ragan.com/9-steps-to-a-better-linkedin-profile-in-2019/

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/linkedin-beginner-all-star-8-easy-steps-clifford-wessel

https://www.sigconsult.com/blog/how-to-create-a-world-class-linkedin-profile-in-10-minutes-per-day/

https://university.linkedin.com/content/dam/university/global/en_US/site/pdf/TipSheet_BuildingaGreatProfile.pdf

 

Networking

What is networking?

“Networking is when you interact with a group of colleagues, peers or professionals in order to create relationships, connections, and opportunities for your professional future. It doesn’t mean you have to know someone important, and she’ll just “give” you aadult-3365364_1920 job. Instead, it means building relationships that can lead to other relationships that can lead to success. That’s why it’s called networking—you’re creating a web of contacts in your life.”

The problem with networking, is that most people don’t like it and so they aren’t very good at it.  Networking can be uncomfortable, especially for those who are introverts and don’t like to socialize.  The Harvard Business Review has identified four strategies to help people change their mindset about networking.  https://hbr.org/2016/05/learn-to-love-networking

  1. 33 ways to network1. Focus on Learning   If you are an introvert, you can’t simply will yourself to be extroverted, of course. But       everyone can choose which motivational focus to bring to networking. Concentrate on the positives—how it’s going to help you boost the knowledge and skills that are needed in your job—and the activity will begin to seem much more worthwhile.
  2. Identify Common Interests The next step in making networking more palatable is to think about how your interests and goals align with those of people you meet and how that can help you forge meaningful working relationships.

When your networking is driven by substantive, shared interests you’ve identified through serious research, it will feel more authentic and meaningful and is more likely to lead to relationships that have those qualities too.

 3. Think Broadly About What You Can Give Even when you do not share an interest with someone, you can probably find something valuable to offer by thinking beyond the obvious. When you think more about what you can give to others than what you can get from them, networking will seem less self-promotional and more selfless—and therefore more worthy of your time.

4.  Find a Higher Purpose Another factor that affects people’s interest in and effectiveness at networking is the primary purpose they have in mind when they do it.  Any work activity becomes more attractive when it’s linked to a higher goal.

You don’t have to wait to network until you are through school and get a job, you can        start in college. There are a lot of great places to meet people.  Alumni events, job fairs, or join a club. Visit your career services office. Talk to faculty. Take advantage of internships. Professors and even other students can be part of your network.  The most important thing is to keep in touch with those people after you graduate.  You never know how these people may affect your career in the future.

Some important things to remember when networking at an event:

  1. Be genuinely interest in other people.  It doesn’t all have to be work related.  Talk about interests, hobbies, books, activities, pets.workplace-1245776_1920
  2. Set realistic goals for yourself.  Make 4 or 5 meaningful connections. Once you reach your goal you can leave. You might be having so much fun you don’t want to leave.
  3.    Arrive early.  There are fewer people when you arrive early.  Not as overwhelming to talk to a few.  Use those people to be introduced to others.
  4. Identify a few icebreaker topics in advance.  Have some things to talk about so that there are no silent uneasy moments.  It will also get the conversation going.
  5. Don’t be afraid to take a breather.  If you’re feeling overwhelmed or anxious, don’t hesitate to slip outside, to the bathroom, or to the food table to have a tiny recharge moment for yourself.

Other ways to network:

  1. Volunteer to help run the event. This gets you involved and makes it easier for you to meet people because you are the go to person.
  2. Join groups online where you can meet people. There are a lot of employment type sites where you can connect with people in your field.  LinkedIn is a great man-791049_1920place to meet people and network.  You can locate people within your career choice.  You can write articles about things you have learned and that might be important to others.  Other people will find you.  Eventbrite.com and meetup.com are great places to find networking events.  There are both business and personal events listed.  Both types of events will help you.

Once you meet people and collect business cards, connect with those people online.  To keep in contact you can send emails, include things like job leads, and interesting article you read, good books you have read.  It is important to keep in touch.

Most importantly you need to just start. You might find you like it.  It will become easier the more you do it and you might even make some friends.

References:

https://hbr.org/2016/05/learn-to-love-networking

https://fairygodboss.com/articles/how-to-network-when-you-hate-networking

https://www.themuse.com/advice/here-are-33-networking-tips-you-can-easily-read-in-under-5-minutes

How to Write a Paper

Make sure that you start paper in time to put it away and let the information set for a desk-500few hours or overnight.  I found that I did write better papers under pressure, but you do need time to set it aside and come back to rewrite it.  The time away from the paper will prove invaluable to writing a good paper.

Make sure you know what your topic is.  Either chosen by yourself or your instructor, you need to decide what it will be about.  The topic is very important so that you can get the pertinent information when doing research.

It also is important to know what format you need to write in. This will tell you how to set margins, line spacing and how to notate source information.  There are two popular ways of writing papers.

Paper-formatting MLA – Modern Language Association format, this is normally used for papers in literature or foreign language.

APA – American Psychological Association format, the most popular method in academic work in the social sciences field.  Sometimes the school you attend will decide which format to use.  Other times, it will be the teacher or the type of paper you are writing.  You can find templates and guidelines for writing papers in both of these formats on the internet.

Start by writing an outline showing what you want to include in the paper.  The order of writing-500the key points does not matter at the beginning.  Just get down the important parts about the topic.  You can also add more after researching because you may find more information.

Then brainstorm writing down everything you already know about the subject.  If you have read your textbook, you may already have a lot of information.  After you have written down everything you know, then begin by looking up information in the textbook.  Get any new information that you may not have remembered.  Next, research computer-500the topic on the internet or in the library. You are looking for new information that you don’t know.  I type or copy what I find in a word document.  Make sure you keep track of the sources of your information.  I copy the links under the information in the word document.  You also want to make sure the information is coming from legitimate sources.  (Wikipedia is not a good source.)  You want text books, legitimate journal articles from legitimate journals on the subject.

Now you can rework the outline making sure information is in order and all new information is included.

Now it is time to write the rough draft.  Write your introductory paragraph explaining what the paper will be about. Explain the introductory paragraph expanding on the study-921885_1920topics in the following paragraphs.  Explain the topic in your own words.  You can refer to your notations from the internet, but make sure that you quote important information and notate where you go the information.  It is also important not to quote too much.  You want to write what you have learned, not just regurgitate the information from books or journals.

conclusion-500Write the conclusion paragraph.  This should include the important points of the paper and how it proves your thesis or your findings on the subject.  Again, this should show what you learned on the topic.

Reread the paper. Fix the spelling and grammar errors and make sure to use complete sentences.  Also check for run on sentences.

Put the paper away for a few hours.

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This is important because your brain will work on what you have learned during the down time and when you go back, you will see where changes need to be made.  Read the paper.  Then rewrite the paper fixing the issues you find.  You might also find places where you can expand on the information.  Make sure the paper is complete and explains everything.

Last you want to check the formatting and punctuation. Make sure that it meets the write-593333_1920requirements for the format of the paper.  Make sure that all words are spelled correctly.  Large, scientific words may not show up in spell check so make sure all of those are spelled correctly.  I add those words to spellcheck because if you write a similar paper later, they will be available.

So, these are the steps to take to write a good paper.  They will also make it easier and less overwhelming.  Here’s to good paper writing.

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Studying in College

Studying is very important if you are going to learn.  Studying in college is quite different than studying in high school.  There is a lot more work to do.  You have a ton of reading, papers to write and tests to take.  Deadlines come fast, so it’s important that you learn techniques to read fast, gleam the information you are supposed to learn and be able to write papers and pass tests.  So, there are a few steps to learn so you can study effectively.

The first and most important step is to get organized.  You have to be organized so you can get everything done. paper-3327341_1920

  1.  Go over the syllabus for each and every class.  Find out when test are scheduled and when papers are due.   It will be helpful if you use some sort of a calendar either on paper or on your computer to record this information.  That way you are not surprised when you show up for class on the day they are due.
  2. Next figure out which chapters you have to read.  You need to allow 2 to 3 hours of study time per hour of class you attend.  Sometimes it may take more on more difficult classes.
  3. Put everything in your schedule.  Include job hours (if you are working while going to school), extra-curricular activities and test and paper due dates.  You might also want to include exercise.  It is good to strengthen your body as well as your mind. Then you can figure in your study hours.
  4. You will find in college, every minute is precious.  You want to be sure you have something with you at all times that will help you learn.  Flash cards, professor notes or notes from your reading.

Second you will want to learn how to take notes in lectures.  It is important to get the high points of the lecture.

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  1. Don’t take notes on your laptop.  Research shows that you may take notes faster, but the retention of the notes is much less.  You will retain more information from the lecture if you take notes with a pen and paper.
  2.  Make sure to leave space to add information in later.  Writing on every other line of the page helps you to be able to fill in missed information.
  3. Use your own symbols to take down information without having to write down the whole word.  Abbreviate words, use arrows to connect concepts.  Make lists writing only the important words and leaving out small words like, and or the.  Use stars or asterisks to point out important information or things you want to research later.
  4. Don’t write on the back of the page.  It is easier to read if you only use one side of the page.  You can also add notes later on the back if necessary.
  5. Right after the lecture read over your notes to make sure they make sense.  This is also a good time to fill in missing pieces.  If there is something you don’t understand make note so you can speak to professor about it either during office hours or during the next class.
  6. Make sure to include examples, things written on the board or in overhead.  These will be important that is why instructor took the time to write it down.

Third you want to learn reading techniques so that you can read through information quickly and still get the information from it.  It really helps to highlight the important parts.  A lot of times the first sentence gives you the information then the paragraph explains what the first sentence means.  Righting the most important things in the margin.  It helps when you are reviewing to have the stuff in the margin.

A.  Skimming

With this technique, you just skim over the material to get an idea of what is in the paragraph. Parts to look for:

  1. Introduction- The first sentence or paragraph will show you they main reason for books-1149959_1920the article or chapter.
  2. Body- Goes into more detail about the information.
  3. Conclusion- Tells you what the information means.

B.    Scanning  Used for finding information in books quickly.

Step 1: Review- look at table of contents for the following parts of the book. This should include:

Preface

Diagrams or tables or illustrations

Introduction

Chapters in sequence

Conclusion

Bibliography

Index

Step 2: Headings- Read the chapter headings to see if they contain information you are looking for.

Step 3: Search the index- Check the index for relevant topics or key words

Step 4: Assess content – Go to the page in the book and read the first 2 paragraphs and              the last 2 paragraphs to see if they are what you are looking for. Can also read                     paragraphs before and after to see if they specify the information you are looking              for.

C.  Keywords Spotting

Look for key words that help you understand the topic. These are found in the opening paragraph of the chapter.  Look for any hints given by the author. These might include:

keywords-letters-2041816_1920underlining

bold type

italics

subheadings

section breaks

This will help you understand the material and give you a chance to look up difficult  terms for comprehension.

D.  Analytical Reading

With analytical reading you want to gain understanding through active reading.  You want to try an interpret what the writer is trying to say, look for connections between literal and interpretive meanings.  This helps with retention of material.

There is a technique to help with analytical reading.  The SQ3R technique which offers an active approach to understanding. SQ3R stands for:  Survey, Question, Read, Recite, Review.

Survey

Take 3-5 minutes to go through chapter.  Look headings, subheadings, figures, tables and sq3rsummaries.

Question

This step is for figuring out questions about the content of the chapter.  What is it about? Figure out the main point, the examples, how does it support the point?

Read

This step is where you read for the answers to your questions.  This constitutes active reading which will help you remember the information.  Here it will help to take notes about what you are reading.

Recite

Using your own words, recite what you have read.  List the important points, write them in the margins of the text using short phrases or key words. You can also highlight important sentences. Speak out loud like you are telling someone else about the material.

Review

In this step you want to summarize the main ideas and review your notes.

E.  Critical Reading

Critical reading is about evaluating what you are reading.  What the strengths and weaknesses are.  What the information implies.  How does it fit into the academic context of the chapter.

F.  Difficult Texts

Sometimes you will run into reading that is complicated and hard to understand.  There are ways to get through difficult texts and actually learn the material.

  1. Look at the text, how it is organized, review the headings and subheadings.
  2. Read the first and last paragraph to get an idea of what it is about.
  3. Go through the chapter, looking up the words that you don’t understand.
  4. Review what you have read in your mind and try to restate what you have read.
  5. Take notes
  6. Keep reading since some future parts may make more sense.
  7. Reread what you don’t understand
  8. Put it away for a while and look at it again later.

You will find that putting it out of your mind and working on something else, or exercising, your mind will keep working and you may understand it better when you go back to it.

Fourth Learn to take breaks, get exercise and have some fun.  Even though it is kickboxing-course-1178261_1920important to be prepared.  Your brain needs some time to rest, relax and process what you have learned.  It also is important to have a balanced life.  Having fun and getting exercise will help you be a more rounded student.

 

Here are some links that have worksheets and more information on studying.

http://www.teach-nology.com/worksheets/time_savers/studyskills/

https://www.educationcorner.com/study-skills.html

Citations:

https://www.campusexplorer.com/college-advice-tips/2DF9E34D/7-Best-Study-Tips-for-College-Students/

https://jerz.setonhill.edu/writing/academic1/taking-notes-5-college-success-tips/

https://studyskills.com/students/note-taking/

http://learnline.cdu.edu.au/studyskills/studyskills/reading.html

http://owll.massey.ac.nz/study-skills/critical-reading.php

 

 

 

 

New Year Vision Board

dream-flowers

Here we are in a new year.  Most people use the new year to look over their life and make new goals or new years resolutions.  Often we make goals like eating healthy, losing weight, starting an exercise program or accomplishing something like getting an education or getting a job.  Often times we keep those resolutions for a few days or weeks, then we are back to our old ways.  Setting goals is good and trying to accomplish things in our life is important.  However, is the usual new years resolution really the way to accomplish those things?  Especially if we give up on them so soon?

There is a different more powerful way to set up your ideas.  It’s called a vision board.stones-451329_1920

So, what is a vision board?

The theory behind a vision board is that if you can dream it, you can live it.

A vision board is a way to put your ideas and dreams on paper.  When you really decide what you want, you put yourself in a position to accomplish it.

There are only a few things you need to do in order to make a vision board.

First is you need to decide what you want.  Dream big and remember no dream is too big.  If you want to finish school, buy a house, a car, start a business, or get a new job.  scrabble-931988_1920There is nothing too big.  Also put down all of your dreams.  You might need to finish school to get the job you want, put school and the job on your vision board.  You may need the job in order to buy a house or a car, so put the job, the house and the car on your board.  Keep in mind that you don’t have to accomplish everything right away or even in this year.  It will still help you to get where you want to go.

You also want to find uplifting sayings or things that will inspire you.  Adding words like success, health, confidence, happiness and uplifting sayings will help you maintain the confidence in yourself and your dreams.

luck

Adding other pictures of things like coins, money, lucky numbers, lucky       shamrocks, will also help the luck and prosperity of your vision board.

 

Next you want to gather supplies.  Pull out old magazines, get on the internet and find pictures and words that fit your dreams and goals.  You will need a cardboard poster to put it on.  Use a large one that gives you room to include all of your pictures, words and sayings.  You will also need scissors, glue, markers, and anything else that you can think of to decorate your board.

Third, you need a place to sit down and put your board together.  You need a place big dream-catcher-1904179_1280enough to set out the pictures and words so you can see what you have.

Last, place the things on your board and decide where you want to put things. I suggest doing a dry fit so you can see how it will look.  Put some things to the back, smaller things to the front. Overlap the pictures so they fit on the page.  Once you have it laid out where you want it, then you can glue it together.

The result is a vision board of where you want to go and what you want to be.  I like to put mine up where I can see it, but just the fact you have put the board together, will help you to go in the right direction.  Many people throw their vision board in a closet and forget about it, only to be surprised when they see it again to see how much they have accomplished.

visionboard-2019

Top 15 Reasons Why Education is Important!

I was reading this article about how important education is to us.  It is very interesting how much education influences our daily life and our society. Here are the top 15 reasons from the article as to why education is important.  You can also ready the entire article at http://lists10.com/top-15-reasons-education-important/

Top 15 Reasons Why Education is Important!

  1. Education means a happier life.
  2. Educated people are more enlightened than the others.
  3. Education opens opportunities.
  4. Education leads to Economic Prosperity
  5. Education has helped improve Heath Conditions.
  6. Education helps in innovating new things.
  7. Helps in increasing the level of knowledge and understanding.
  8. Helps in maintaining social harmony
  9. Helps in the preservation of art and culture.
  10. Education helps you in enhancing your confidence.
  11. Education makes living through the 21st century easier.
  12. Education helps in gaining emotional maturity.
  13. Education results in better decisions.
  14. Educated people can never be cheated upon.
  15. Education has helped in bettering the food quality.