What Nurses Do?

There are 3 types of nurses

Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN)

Programs can be 13 weeks to over 70 weeks depending on the program

Licensed Practical Nurse

No degree is required

Training in a State approved program is required

Must Pass the National Counsel Licensure Examination (NCLEX)

They report to RN’s

Jobs include:

taking vital signs, assisting with tests, administering medication filling out medical records, changing bandages and dressing wounds, help feeding patients keeping them hydrated and getting dressed

Where to take test in Arizona


Average annual salary of $46,360

Registered Nurse (RN)

Has completed an Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN) – 2 years or a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN)- 4 years

Registered Nurse

Must pass the NCLEX exam for RN’s

Jobs include:

Hospitals, Medical offices, and clinics assisting doctors and other nurses in providing critical care to patients. Complete physical exams and health histories. Make critical decisions regarding health. Promote good health through counseling and education. Administer medications. Coordinate care, with many health care professionals.

Where to take test in Arizona


Where to apply for RN license


 Average salary for an RN    $52,080 – $77,460

Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN)
Advanced Practice Registered Nurse

Has at least a master’s degree in nursing.

Fill roles of certified registered nurse anesthetist (CRNA), certified nurse-midwife (CNM), clinical nurse specialist (CNS), and certified nurse practitioner (CNP). These four roles are given the title of advanced practice registered nurse (APRN).

Must Get licensing through the NCSBN.

Where to get information about licensing


We at Arizona Career Pathways can help you.  We help students working on 2 year degrees and can help with additional fees not covered by financial aid.

 Contact us today to see if you qualify for our program.

Maricopa County only




All Nursing Schools

Nursing World

What is a CNA?

Have you ever thought about being a CNA?  Do you know what it takes to be one?

Here is some helpful information to help you.

Unlike other nursing positions, to be a CNA you don’t have to have a college degree.

What you do need is a certificate or diploma from a CNA program.

What CNA’S do:

provide direct patient care in nursing homes, hospital long-term care wards or community rehabilitation.


take vital signs,

assist residents to move about the facility

helping them manage their meal trays

use bathroom facilities

turning bedridden patients

offering emotional support

taking blood pressure

putting on compression stockings

giving a partial bed bath.


high school diploma or GED

Nursing Assistant training program

Programs are found at

Community colleges

Trade schools

Medical facilities

*Make sure your program is approved by the state’s nursing board and the National League for Nursing Accredited Commission (NLNAC).

Arizona Requirements

Certificate information

Requirements to be a CNA

Complete a board-approved program or apply for a waiver based on other healthcare training

An Arizona CNA must take the Certified Nursing Assistant Examination

A fingerprint-based background check will be required.

Wages for a CNA in Arizona is between $27K and $38K


Registered Nursing.org

Nursing Licensure.org



What does a Phlebotomist do?

Typically, phlebotomists are responsible for:

Drawing blood and bandaging after blood is drawn

Measuring and recording blood pressure, temperature, pulse, and oxygen levels

Maintaining patient records

Cleaning, preparing and sterilizing equipment

Sending blood, urine, and fecal samples to the lab for testing

Other duties include:

Making sure that all equipment is properly sanitized before it is used to collect blood.

Accurate labeling, proper storage and careful transport are also key responsibilities.

The phlebotomist also must observe strict safety protocols to avoid direct contact with the blood. Many infectious diseases, including HIV and hepatitis, can be transmitted through blood contact. Even the slightest distraction can lead to a “needlestick” injury and possible infection.

How to become a Phlebotomist:

Step 1: Make a High School Diploma or its Equivalent

Step 2: Complete a NAACLS authorized Phlebotomy Training Program in Phoenix, Arizona

  • training program includes study in anatomy, blood collection procedures, proper storage and handling of blood samples and safety precautions.
  • Long term phlebotomy certification programs are performed at a college or a technical school and can vary from 3 to six month. Short term phlebotomy accreditation programs can range from 4 weeks to twelve weeks. Anything much shorter than a four-week course will not offer the correct education to go into the field.

Step 3: Get Phlebotomy Certification and Licensure in Phoenix, Arizona

  • Phlebotomy accreditation can not be earned solely online. While you can complete 80% of the education book portion online, you can not get licensed and go into the phlebotomy field without getting the appropriate blood draws. Phlebotomy requires the medical professional to work straight with patients and perform venipunctures. You need to complete the laboratory part or phlebotomy externship to practice in the field.
  • Phlebotomy certification can not be made online only. While you can finish 80% of the education book part online, you can not get licensed and get in the phlebotomy field without getting the proper blood draws. Phlebotomy needs the medical professional to work directly with clients and carry out venipunctures. You should complete the lab portion or phlebotomy externship to practice in the field.

Phlebotomy certification needs prospects to have:

  • Graduated from an acceptable phlebotomy training program
  • Have completed at least 1,040 hours of phlebotomy work experience
  • Have successfully passed their  phlebotomy certification exam
  • Hospitals, Health Care Clinics, Laboratories, and Screening Centers usually prefer to work with phlebotomists who hold a national phlebotomy certification credential.

Prospective phlebotomists can search for employment at:

  • Hospitals  Acute-Care Facilities
  • Hospital-Based Clinics
  • Hospital-Based Emergency Centers
  • Health Department Clinics
  • Community Health Centers
  • School-Based Clinics
  • Prison Health Clinics
  • Dialysis Centers
  • Screening Centers
  • Physician Offices
  • Home Health Care Insurance Companies
  • Rehabilitation Centers
  • Mobile Vans for Blood Donations
  • Free-Standing Surgical Centers
  • Laboratories
  • Lab Collection Sites
  • Drug Screening Agencies
  • Mobile Mammography Units

The typical pay for a qualified phlebotomy technician in 2018 was $34,480 annually with a competitive hourly wage of $16.58 per hour.

Places for Information:

Indeed Career Advice

What We Do

Our name is Arizona Career Pathways. We are a workforce development intermediary program that responds to the needs of workers and key employers

Our Mission: To demonstrate the substantial and economic benefits that are achieved through the investment in long term credential and degree attainment for those who otherwise would not have the opportunity.

Arizona Career Pathways defines the needs, iden​tifies resources, and brokers relationships that impact the education and training of a quality workforce, regional economic sustainability, and business growth.

Arizona Career Pathways seeks to improve the quality of life, raise the standard of living, and enhance the productivity and competitiveness of the Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale region.

Arizona Career Pathways provides case management and life skills coaching, financial assistance, peer mentoring, job placement assistance, and other valuable support services to ensure successful educational attainment and long-term career success.

Arizona Career Pathways proven program model provides our students with the support and motivation required for them to achieve the workforce skills and experience that will help them to develop occupational skills, degree and certificate attainment, and the confidence that will ensure their employability.

Comments from our students:

If you need assistance or would like to donate to our program please visit our website  http://www.azcareerpathways.org/

10 Ways to Survive Quarantine

**Click on links t read articles**

1. Get up out of bed and get dressed.  stretching-75x

       Makes you more productive

       Decreases depression and anxiety

       How to get out of bed when you don’t want to 

2. Stick to a routineroutine

       A routine is critical for your mental health

       Reduce stress levels

       Helps you cope and survive change

3. If you are working or going to school from home


Set ground rules

       Have a separate area to work and study.

4. Get out and get some exercise.

    (walking around the block or a building, hiking, jogging, bicycle)bicycle-161524_1280

        Helps Anxiety

        Helps depression

        Increases Concentration and Memory

        Why and how to do it

5. Do something creativearts-155495_1280

       (Art, crafts, sewing, needlepoint, woodworking, painting)

        Improves health

        Elevates mood, increases immune health

6. Learn something newreading-297450_640

       Fights boredom, increases brain power,

ability to adapt to change better

        Reduces stress, gain confidence

7. Turn off the Television and listen to musicMusic

        Benefits of music

        Reduces stress, lessons anxiety

         Improves cognition

8. Eat healthyhealthy food

        What you eat affects how you feel

        How junk food affects mental health

        Worst Foods

9. Read a book.

(Choose something fun or uplifting, makes you feel good.)girl-160170_1280

        Good for mental health

        Strengthens your brain, reduces stress

10. Be kind to yourself         

(no judgement if you have a bad day. Psychologically quarantine is hard)

         How to take care of yourself


Our Favorite Things

We thought that since everyone is stuck at home, we would share some resources that can help with choosing a career, job training and how we can be effective at work.


a book liked by our Executive Director Charlie Boyce.

The 9 Ways of Working by Michael J. Goldberg


A book that I found truly helpful in understanding myself and others in the workplace.  It details nine different personality types and outlines their worldviews, communication styles and working styles – as well as their strengths and potential barriers to being effective at work. It definitely helped me to work better with others.


a website liked by our Director and Counselor Kerrie Walker


O*NET Online is an invaluable resource to gather information about careers and make a good decision about which career to pursue.


a mobile app liked by Counselor Chris Payne

Career One Stop Mobile

For Apple:


For Android:


This App has great work exploration videos, local training and jobs.




No matter who we are or where we come from, we are responsible to become our best self.  That means that if we are not successful, we have no one to blame but ourselves.  However, it will still take a lot of hard work.  Learning new ways of doing things, changing the way we look at the world.  So, where to start?

1.  Decide What You Want to Do

Think about what you really want out of life.  Do you have dreams of what you want to be? Do you have any hobbies that you love?  What are your interests?  If you are interested in computers, nursing, medical or dental assisting, lab technician, biotechnology, dietitian, biology, robotics, telecommunications, and many others; you can find training and employment that will get you a good job.  The important part is deciding what you want and putting forth the effort.

2.  Set Goals

Once you decide what you want to do, set some goals.  Steps that will get you where you job goalswant to go.  First and most important goal is to make it to class.  Second is to make the effort to study and learn what you need to do to reach your ultimate goal.  You can also set goals or steps that you will take to reach the ultimate goal.  Sometimes steppingstones will help you get jobs that will pay bills while you are getting the education.  For example: Your ultimate goal might be Nursing.  You can get the training of a CNA so you will have a job in your field while you are studying to be a nurse.  The most important thing is to make a plan so you get what you want.

3.  Read Books or Watch Podcasts

There are plenty of books that can help you with all kinds of things.  Books about what has made others successful can help you to learn how to be successful too.  Books on goal setting, self-improvement, speaking to others, personal development, improving self books-500confidence and many others are out there to help you improve your life.  Getting books on audio can be very helpful.  You can download them and listen when driving to work or riding the bus.

Watching podcasts will also give you a lot of good information on how to improve your life.  For example, there are Ted Talks with all hotspot-4764531_1280kinds of information.  Also, YouTube videos can give you small doses of information that can help you.  Some of them are just a few minutes long.  You can listen when you are cooking dinner or riding the bus.

4.   Find Mentors

A mentor is someone who helps you get where you want to go.  While you are working to reach your goals, you will find people who are willing to help you achieve your goals.   They can give you ideas of how to get jobs, education and support you while you are working toward your goal. Many times, these people will become friends.  You can learn from their experiences and make networking connections through them that will help you achieve your goal.

5.  Get a Job that will Help you Reach the Ultimate Goal

When you first start out, you may have to start in fast food or working at a restaurant.  success-413093_1920However, you don’t have to be stuck there for very long.  Often you can get steppingstone  jobs that will give you experience in the field you want to go into.   You can work as a nursing assistant while you are going to school to get your nursing degree.  Do some deep thinking and figure out ways to get on the job experience for the job you ultimately want to get to.

6.  Schedule your Life so you Get Things Done

Setting up a schedule will help you reach your goal.  I don’t mean a daily schedule; I mean a job and education schedule so that you know where you are going and how you will get there.  Know how long classes will take and when you will be able to move onto the next thing.  Example:  Get a job waiting tables so that you can get the money to get an associate degree.  Then if you will go on for a bachelors and what you will do to reach that step.

reward7.  Reward Yourself for Achievements

Celebrate achievements.  Take yourself to dinner to celebrate when you achieve the first step  Example:  when you get your associates, when you get your CNA, when you finish your RN, when you complete your BSN.

8.  Re-evaluate When Necessary

It is important to re-evaluate your goal.  Make any changes you need to.  Sometimes when you get into something, you find you don’t really like it.  Re-evaluating your goals will help you find the job you like.  One thing to look at is whether or not you can still use your current knowledge and training to get you through to the next step or the next job.

9.  Never Give Up

Keep your end goal in mind to keep you working towards it.  Reaching smaller goals and being rewarded for them will help you keep going until you reach your end goal. I guarantee you will feel good at the end for accomplishing your goal.

10.  Show Up                                show up

The very most important thing is to show up and take control of your own life.  It doesn’t matter where you came from or what your parents did.  You can make your own decisions and reach your own accomplishments.  You must show up to register for classes.  You must show up to class.  You must show up for homework and completing assignments.  The results will be worth it in the end.

Books to read.






books on speaking


Speak With Confidence : Powerful Presentations That Inform, Inspire and Persuade 1st Edition

by Dianna Booher

Fearless Speaking: Beat Your Anxiety. Build Your Confidence. Change Your Life. Kindle Edition

by Gary Genard





The Alchemist- Author: by Paulo Coelho

The Magic of Thinking Big Written & Narrated by David J. Schwartz

Think and grow rich Written by Napoleon Hill

As a Man Thinketh  by James Allen

The Power of Positive Thinking  Author‎: ‎Norman Vincent Peale

Unlimited Power The New Science Unlimited Power: The New Science Of Personal Achievement by Robbins, Tony.


The Last Lecture: Randy Pausch, Jeffrey Zaslow


Book by Donald O. Clifton and Marcus Buckingham

7 Habits of Highly Successful People- by Stephen R Covey



The Power of Habit: Why We Do What We Do in Life and Business

Charles Duhigg

How to Set Goals with Kaizen & Ikigai

By: Marcus Sullivan

Self- Discipline: 10 Day Self Discipline Blueprint to Achieve Your Goals, Become a Success and Develop a Mental Toughness Mindset

By: Callum Rawling


What the Most Successful People Do at Work

A Short Guide to Making Over Your Career

By: Laura Vanderkam


Goal Setting: How to Create an Action Plan and Achieve Your Goals

By: Susan B. Wilson, Michael S. Dobson

How to prepare for the Interview


You have an interview.  What are you going to do next?


Before the Interview

  1. Review interview questions and figure out how to answer them.

writing-923882_1920There are several places to get lists of interview questions.




  1. You want to develop answers to the questions and be prepared but don’t memorize them. You want to look natural when asked these questions during the interview.
  2. handshake-2056021_1920You also want to share stories that show your skills and successes.
  3. Include the ways your successes helped your company.
  4. Be yourself in the interview.
  5. Turn negatives into positives



Dress for Success

  1. When going to the interview, you want to look dressed up and professional.

Start by researching the company’s dress code.

Choose clothes that make you feel comfortable and confident.business attire

Use your best judgement and don’t overthink it.

Avoid revealing clothing.

Choose clothing accommodating to the climate and season.

Check for stains, snags, pet hairs and holes.

Ensure clothing is pressed and wrinkle free.


**Dress One or Two Levels Up

“The rule of thumb is that you dress one or two levels higher than the job that you’re going for,” explains Kate Wendleton, president and founder of the Five O’Clock Club, a national career counseling and outplacement firm.


After the interview

Send a thank you note.thank-you-515514_1920

It reminds them of who you are and thanks them for the interview.

Looks very Professional


When you get the job offer:

Here’s what to do when you get a job offer:

Use your manners.                                                        notepad-job offer

Get the offer in writing. …

Don’t skip the benefits section. …

Determine what’s what. …

Understand objectives. …

Consider negotiating. …

Read everything. …

Take some time.


Once you have the offer in writing make sure you look over everything.  You want to be able to make a good decision.  (You don’t have to accept the job, just because it is offered.)

Evaluate everything making sure that it fits your needs and job desires.

Are you getting paid a fair wage for your experience and talents?

Make sure you understand everything.  If you don’t ask.  Don’t assume anything.

If the money is not right, are there other things you can negotiate with to give you what you need? IF it isn’t what you want come up with a counter offer.  They may turn them down, but they may not, you never know until you ask.

Some perks you can negotiate with:

Perks-sideHealth Insurance

Vacation/Paid Time Off

Performance Bonuses

Paid Sick Days

401(k), Retirement Plan and/or Pension

Flexible Schedule                                                    calendar-flex schedule

Office Perks

Employee Development Programs

Tuition Reimbursement

Employee Discounts

Gym Membership or Wellness Programs

Stock Options and/or Equity

Condensed work week. While not every organization can sustain this, a condensed work week is one of the most powerful perks you can offer your employees. …

Flexible schedules

Professional development. …

Transportation subsidies.





Handling declines

If you are declining the offer, you should do it nicely.  Better not to burn any bridges in case you need to reapply for another job with the company in the future.

  1. Tell them immediately of your decision
  2. Show Your Appreciation
  3. Give a good but brief reason
  4. stay in touch





Last but not least:

If you don’t get hired, don’t be afraid to reapply for the job again if you see it re-posted.  Especially if you have gotten more training or education, or have more experience.  It is always worth another look.

How to Find a Job


So, you have a college education, now you need a job.  A successful job search is important to getting a job.  But,

                                       Where do you start?      


There are several things you need to do before you start.

These things will help you see where your personal assets are and get you a little organized.

First of all, make a list of all of your accomplishments. Just brainstorm.  Include things clipboard-accomplishments (1)you did in college, places you have volunteered for, the jobs you have had in these places.  You want to include things like; president of your clubs, clubs you were a part of and anything you did in these clubs. face-brainstormAdd things that you were in charge of, assisting other volunteers, teaching someone how to do something.  This shows leadership and the ability to get things done.  List all education.  College, extra-curricular things you have learned and after college classes you have taken.  You want to include things you are great at.  Even things like having a green thumb, hobbies, and things you like to do can be included.

offer employerSecond go over your list and figure out what you have to offer an employer and why they should hire you.  Make a list of things you have to offer your employer. employers

Third, make a list of the places you want to work.  This can include small doctors or dental offices, large hospitals, large corporations.  Dream big.  You may not start your first job there, but you will be amazed at where the list can take you. Make a list of companies you would like to work for.  Research what these companies do and figure out how they fit into their employment qualifications.

Last, Figure out your salary requirements.  Go over what salaries are for your experience salary (1)and education.  Remember, you can’t start at the top, but know what you can expect. This is important, so you don’t take too little and know what you can ask for.  You may be able to ask for a little more, depending on your additional accomplishments. This will let you negotiate the right salary.

After making your lists there are some other things you need to know about looking for a job.  Clean up your social media.  Remember, everything you post on social media is mobile-phone-1917737_1920there for everyone to see FOREVER.  Stop posting questionable material.  Don’t get too political.  Politics are a personal decision and even though you should stand up for what you believe in, you don’t want to get into it with people on Facebook and Instagram or other places.  Companies look at the internet as part of background checks and some stupid post that only meant something at the time, could ruin ability to get your dream job.

When looking for a job you want to use your network of friends, professors and co-workers to get that job. You will have better success getting your dream job by men-1979261_1920networking and meeting people face to face. Also, don’t apply for every job in your field.  Show good judgement and apply only for the jobs you are qualified for. It’s a waste of your time and the employers time to apply for jobs you don’t qualify for. You don’t want to burn bridges by wasting time.  It is better to start with the job you can do now, get education and experience to get the job you dream of.

Now you are ready to start on your resume and cover letter.  Go back to the lists you have made in the first section.  You want to build a general resume that includes your resume-1education, job experience, volunteer experience, and anything else that shows your ability to get things done, leadership or other skills.  Also include things that show your accomplishments, like how you improved sales by 20%.  Increased donations by 15% or other things that show what you have done.  You want to do the same thing with your cover letter.  Keep in mind with both of these that you will change them to fit each job that you apply for.  The resume and cover letter you submit needs to show how you will be able to do the job they are hiring for. You want to include about 10 years of job experience.  Now if you are just starting, you may not have 10 years, so include what you have.  Also, if you work 1 job for 12 years, it doesn’t look great to have only one job on your list, so you might want to include more.  For one thing, you want to show what you have done in your career as well.

With, your resume written, Where do you go to find jobs?

Again, you are going to use your network of friends and contacts.  If you don’t have a networking groupsnetwork, you should build one.  A place is to go to meet up groups for your kind of job.  These are groups that help people get ideas on how to learn about their jobs and get more information, but you are also meeting people who are already in the field.  They work for companies who will be hiring. Also use professors from college who can help you with finding a job, co-workers and friends who might know someone who is hiring or works in your field. This is networking.

You can also use job boards and search engines to help you find employers who are hiring.

What is the difference between a job board and a search engine?

Job boards typically include positions posted by employers, while job search engines are a collection of job listings from job boards and company websites.” (https://www.thebalancecareers.com/top-best-job-websites-2064080 )

Balance careers also has a list of the best websites to find jobs.  Keep in mind the kind of job you are looking for.  Some types of jobs may only post on certain websites, so find the one who works best for your job.

Here is the list of the “10 best places to find jobs“:

  1. Indeed.com
  2. CareerBuilder.comjob-boards
  3. Dice.com. Dice is the leading site for tech job seekers 
  4. Glassdoor.com
  5. Google for Jobs
  6. Idealist.com
  7. LinkedIn.com
  8. LinkUp.com
  9. Monster.com
  10. US.jobs

** “Career coaches recommend spending no more than 10% of your job searching time online. Devote the rest of your time to generating leads, networking, researching companies, and meeting people face to face.

Now, You have all of the information you need to look for a job.  Get to work.








Referral Letters

skills-3371153_1920Referral letters are letters from others to tell what you do, how well you do it and why you would be a good employee. They should include: work experience, skills, expertise, personal qualities, and/or academic performance.  There are 3 types of referral letters. Professional, Academic, and Personal.

The Professional letter is written by someone you have worked with, a manager, coworker, or possibly a client that is familiar with your work and can tell how good you are.  The Academic letter will come from teachers, or professors with whom you worked.  These are people you worked with in school who can tell how you did as a student.  The third letter is a Personal letter.  This can come from a friend or co-worker, maybe a neighbor.  The personal letter will give information about your character and stability. 

So, each type of letter includes different things.  The Professional letter, since it is written by someone at your job, should include your professional work.  You wantwoman-2773007_1920 someone who will be able to talk about your abilities, qualifications for the job and the accomplishments you have made within the company.  They should include a description of your job, your responsibilities and how long you have been with the company.  You want to pick someone who will give you a positive reference.  Choose a manager who is familiar with and likes your work.  Co-workers are alright if they can give you a positive reference, beware of picking friends.  They may like you as a friend, but may not be positive about your work.  Don’t get offended if someone declines writing a letter.  It is important to have a positive letter that will help you get the job.  Client letters are alright if you choose clients who are thrilled about something you have done.

board-2449726_1920The Academic letter will show what you did in school, the things you learned.  Its great if they can show your abilities to plan, organize, your hard work.  Also, use professors or teachers where you have worked with them on internships or studies outside the classroom. 

The Personal letter should be a good character reference.  That is why friends and neighbors can write this letter.  They should explain how they know you.  This letter should explain how the personal attributes you have will work in the employment setting.

Referral letters are used when applying for jobs, volunteer positions, colleges, graduate school programs and internships.  It should show what qualifies you for the job and why school-4279290_1920they should select you.  When you apply to organizations or schools, they may request them.  When you apply for employment, you can offer a reference letter on your resume, or in the interview.

For others:

If you are writing a letter for someone else, there are things that need to be included in the letter.  The letter should always be in a formal format.  Use easy to read type and normal size letters.  If you want more information on what to include, this is a great site to get all the details:  https://www.thebalancecareers.com/how-to-write-a-reference-letter-2064324

There are also a lot of places online to get templates that will help you write a letter. Some of these are listed below.  You also may want to get copies of the persons resume or a list of their accomplishments.  The most important thing to remember is to keep the letter positive and show the person in a good light. If you can’t write a positive letter, don’t write it.